Twenty-ninth Sunday of Time throughout the Year\Twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost
17 October 2021
So, here’s the much anticipated third part of this "exciting" homily series!
But a quick recap first:
Recall that important insight that St. Bede offers when he explains that, “prayer, in a wider sense, must consist of more than mere words beseeching God’s mercy; it embraces everything we do with a dedicated spirit of faith in the service of our Creator” (Matins, Ember Wednesday in September). Our prayer life needs to touch every aspect of our lives, including things that don’t seem obviously connected. … like the the third thing I would like you to consider.
This third topic is perhaps the most difficult, even though it’s probably not as awkward a topic as sacrificial giving. Today I would like to ask you to consider how you can give your time to God via our parish.
I think this is a difficult topic because time is perhaps everyone’s most precious commodity. We either have too little of it or too much of it, even though we all have the same number of hours in a day. On top of that, while we have plenty of needs here at St. Mary’s, they may not match your availability or your skill set. Still, I’d like to ask you to give it some serious consideration.
Why? Here are three reasons:
The Lord and His Blessed Mother show us time and again the importance of offering ourselves in service to our neighbor. Keep in mind however, that while we are rightly accustomed to thinking of service as helping the materially poor, we should not imagine that that is the only form of service that the Lord is calling us to. There are opportunities for service all around us, starting with our families.
St. Ambrose continues, “… Mary’s presence for so long a time … meant that the Prophet was being anointed and trained [by Christ’s presence] like a good athlete in his mother’s womb; for his strength was being built up for an uncompromising struggle” (Third Nocturn, Lesson IX, Matins, The Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary). Just the Lord’s presence was a service to John the Baptist. In our own way, we can offer the service of presence. Simply put, service, done in genuine love of God and neighbor, helps build each other up at the same time that we are imitating our Lord and Blessed Mother.
To make this invitation more concrete, in the bulletin you will find a list of “opportunities to serve” – please take it home with you and prayerfully consider what God might be calling you to do at this time. It’s okay if right now you feel stretched too thin to take something else on, maybe that will change in the future. For that matter, don’t hesitate to ask questions before making a decision, and don’t hesitate to share an idea for something else (the list is not exhaustive). There’s a contact provided for each option.
Please remember that I’m proposing these practices as a way of developing this habit of trusting God more in our lives and giving Him the space to do accomplish great things through us. I think we are poised as a parish family for just that, but it won’t happen overnight. It won’t happen without ongoing effort.
In talking about all of this, I’ve tried to present Mary as our guide in these exercises. They are aimed at helping us to “Pray as if everything depended on God and work as if everything depended on you” (CCC 2834). That we need to develop a deeper sense of the way we depend on God – the way we need to “hold fast” to Him yet “let [ourselves] go” into His hands.
Twenty-eighth Sunday of Time throughout the Year/Twentieth Sunday after Pentecost
10 October 2021
Last Sunday I presented this contrast of “holding fast” and “letting go” in our prayer lives, I and asked you to make a commitment to praying the Rosary as an important way of developing this habit in our lives – because it won’t happen overnight.
I hope you were able to pray the Rosary each day this past week, and it was great to see so many people in church for Adoration and the Rosary. Don’t forget my challenge to pray the Rosary each day this month, and prayerfully consider making the Total Consecration to Jesus through Mary (there’s more information available in the bulletin and after Mass).
Reflecting on the ninth chapter of Mark’s Gospel (16-28), St. Bede the Venerable comments on the Lord’s words, “This kind can be cast out in no way except by prayer and fasting.” The Lord says this to His disciples, after a failed attempt to expel a demon. St. Bede explains that “fasting, in a wide sense, means more than restrictions on food. It means keeping the allurements of the flesh at a distance; indeed, keeping oneself from every sinful passion. Likewise, prayer, in a wider sense, must consist of more than mere words beseeching God’s mercy;it embraces everything we do with a dedicated spirit of faith in the service of our Creator” (Matins, Ember Wednesday in September).
I think that this illuminates the contrast of “holding fast” and “letting go,” and of, “Pray[ing] as if everything depended on God and work[ing] as if everything depended on you” (CCC 2834).
St. Bede helps us realize that our spiritual practices must permeate every aspect of our lives. Our Blessed Mother is our best example of this way of life. She is that perfect disciple “who hear[s] the word of God and keep[s] it!” (Luke 11:28).
With this second part of this homily series, what I’d like to ask you to consider may seem forced or contrived. It might possibly seem overly personal. But if it seems that way, then it’s all the better an example of the depths to which we must live the Faith. If this topic is not first and foremost a spiritual one, it becomes shallow, empty, and even downright worldly, and I certainly shouldn’t be talking about it.
The topic is sacrificial giving, and it is a surprising way of both “holding fast” to God and “letting go” into His hands. We probably don’t think about Mary and Joseph being concerned about finances, but carpentry was not a hobby for Joseph. He had to earn a living, and we can imagine that as he fled with the child Jesus into Egypt, he and Mary had to abandon not only their lives but their financial situation as well into God’s hands.
I’ve shared with you quotes about almsgiving in the past, such as from the Book of Tobit, “Give in proportion to what you own. If you have great wealth, give alms out of your abundance; if you have but little, do not be afraid to give alms even of that little… for almsgiving saves from death and purges all sin. Those who give alms will enjoy a full life” (Tob. 4:8, 12:9).
So, the idea of sacrificial giving is not a contrived aspect of our spiritual life. The commandment of the Church, articulated in the Baltimore Catechism, that we must “contribute to the support of the Church” is not a scheme by the Church to fill her coffers (Revised Baltimore Catechism n. 297).
Of course, I’m not oblivious to the fact that there are some members of the Church, including clergy, who abuse this.
However, I would like to recall that over the past year we have made a very deliberate effort to increase our financial responsibility and transparency both by tightening our belt and publishing quarterly financial reports so you see where your money is going. The covid crisis caused us to take a hard look at our financial situation, and with the help of the Finance Committee and the staff, Dan Taylor crafted and implemented a strategic deficit reduction plan. In this Sunday’s bulletin, you will find our yearly financial report, and you will see that these efforts yielded results much faster than anticipated.
I believe that these positive results are the direct result of trusting in God’s Providence (letting go)while working hard day to day to make prudent use of your generous donations (holding fast). Similarly, I believe that you have continued to be so generous even during these difficult times because you realize that making a contribution to the offertory is truly a spiritual exercise. I am most grateful.
What I would like to ask you to consider today is, is God calling you to stretch yourself, to give of yourself just a little bit more?
Tomorrow afternoon, an email will go out as a follow up, it will include a chart that will help you consider how you might make a modest increase in your regular offering.
But simply put, please prayerfully consider a 2 to 5 percent increase to your regular gift.
Or if you don’t currently give, consider if you can make an offering of 2% of your income each week.
There are two reasons for this.
I have to stand before you as a beggar because this is the way I must “work as if everything depends on me” or “hold fast.” But I firmly believe that God will provide for the needs of our parish. In this sense, I am “praying as if everything depends on Him” and “letting go” into His hands.
I humbly ask you to join me in discerning how God is calling you to make a sacrificial offering in thanksgiving for all His many blessing upon you. How He is calling us to let ourselves go into His hands as Mary and Joseph did during their flight into Egypt and throughout their lives.
Our Lady of the Rosary (External Solemnity) 3 October 2021
As we began the Rosary Congress last year, I offered the image of “holding fast” to the ship while in a raging storm. I hope you can say the same, but that image has stuck with me throughout the year. The idea of clinging to the ship for dear life lest I be swept away into the abyss of the sea never to be seen again, to swim until exhausted, just to suffocate in the water. This was pretty good motivation to pray the Rosary each day… at least for me.
This year, I am going to ask you to let go. Be swept away. Of course, I don’t mean stop praying the Rosary.
But I think the image of letting go and being swept away gives some sense of abandoning ourselves into Mary’s hands and God’s Divine Providence. Our Blessed Lady, because she is the perfect disciple of her Son and has been entrusted to us as our very own Mother, will always watch over us, will always see us through the worst of storms. She will always assure us of and ask for God’s providential, all powerful love for us. Even if we feel like we’re drowning – as St. Peter did after he began to walk to the Lord on the water in faith – the Lord, through the intercession of His Blessed Mother, is there to rescue us.
Now this contrast of “holding fast” and “letting go,” apart from hopefully getting your attention, is meant to illustrate the saying attributed to St. Ignatius of Loyola, referenced by Father Louis during last week’s mission, and quoted in the Catechism of the Catholic Church: “Pray as if everything depended on God and work as if everything depended on you” (CCC 2834).
This is a way of life. One Sunday homily will not cause us to start living this way. So, I am going to ask you to consider three ways that will help train us to live this way, or live it more deeply, over the next three Sundays. Now the first, as you would probably expect at the beginning of the Rosary Congress, is specifically on prayer. And here, my invitation is three-fold as well.
First, I would like to ask you to commit to praying the Rosary this week and push yourself just a little beyond what you normally do. If you don’t already pray it daily, do so this week. If you already pray the Rosary daily, make a serious effort to come here to church for an hour of Eucharistic Adoration, beginning with the Rosary at the top of the hour. Perhaps you would even sign up for one of the hours that we still need covered – you can do so after Mass or there’s a link in the bulletin and on our website.
Second, make a commitment to praying the Rosary each day during the entire month of October. Pope Leo XIII consecrated October to the Rosary in the late 19th century, and I think we all have some sense that October is a special time for honoring the Blessed Mother. But specifically, it is a special time for honoring her through recitation of the Holy Rosary.
If committing to praying the Rosary every day for the rest of your life seems daunting, start with this month of October.
Third, speaking of St. Louis de Montfort, he is perhaps most famous for promoting “true devotion” to the Blessed Mother through “total consecration.” I would like to invite you to make this total consecration on December 8.
St. Louis says, “If we would go up to God, and be united with Him, we must use the same means He used to come down to us to be made Man and to impart His graces to us. This means is a true devotion to our Blessed Lady. … [it] is an easy, short, perfect and secure way of attaining union with our Lord, in which union the perfection of a Christian consists” (True Devotion, nos. 23, 152).
But if you’re anything like me, this might still sound intimidating at first.
So, more specifically, I would like to invite you to take this month of October to prayerfully consider making this total consecration to Jesus through Mary. Strictly speaking, the Consecration will begin on November 5. But to help you prepare and/or decide, we will offer a sign up and materials (through a generous donor) next Sunday.
Between then and November 5, you will have the option of using the little book about true Devotion to Mary called "The Secret of Mary," which experience has shown that this method is very effective in heling people decide to understand the idea of total consecration to Jesus through Mary.
A fellow parishioner who is experienced with the consecration will help with this preparatory exercise and will be available to answer your questions. Or, simply make your daily recitation of the Rosary this month the way you prayerful consider this invitation. If you have already made your consecration, please remember that we are supposed to renew it yearly, so you can join this effort, too.
Finally, as an added incentive, those who successfully consecrate on December 8 will be enrolled in a few special prayer associations, and so receive the benefit of their prayers, including the association of the Miraculous Medal and receive a special certificate.
The Rosary along with total consecration to Jesus through Mary, are simple but important ways of letting ourselves go into Mary’s hands so that she can lift us up to greater union with her son. If you find any of these invitations challenging or even just uninteresting, I invite you to open your heart just a little to them – let go – and find in our Blessed Mother that perfect guide to a deeper relationship with our Lord, Jesus Christ.
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary 15 August 2021
If one were to consider just the fact that it wasn’t until 1950 that Pope Pius XII solemnly declared the teaching that, at the end of her earthly life, the Blessed Virgin Mary was assumed body and soul into heaven, one might be tempted to think that today’s feast day is only a recent one.
And yet, it has been celebrated here at St. Mary’s ever since our founding. In fact, some have speculated that the feast goes back to the Apostles themselves, but what is more likely is that it originated in the fifth century (Gueranger, The Liturgical Year, Volume 13, 359).
Still, we can picture the events of that day rather vividly. As one author describes, “When the time came for the Blessed [Mother] to leave this earth, the apostles were gathered from all lands; and having learnt that the hour was at hand, they watched with her. Now the Lord Jesus came with His angels and received her soul… And again the Lord came, and the holy body was taken up in a cloud” (Greg. Turon. De gloria Martyr., iv. quoted in Gueranger, The Liturgical Year, Volume 13, 364).
St. Peter Damian testifies that “the whole people [of Rome] spent the glorious night in prayer, singing and visiting the different churches; and according to several privileged person enlightened from above, still greater at that blessed hour, was the number of souls delivered from Purgatory by the Queen of the universe, and all visiting likewise the sanctuaries consecrated to her name” (Petr. Dam. Opusc. xxxiv. Disputat. De variis apparat. et miraculis, Cap. 3. quoted in Gueranger, The Liturgical Year, Volume 13, 365).
“Peter the Venerable and other reliable witnesses mention the prodigy, annually renewed, of the torches burning throughout the whole night, and being found on the morrow to be of the same weight as on the eve” (Gueranger, The Liturgical Year, Volume 13, 367, quoting Petr. Venerab. De miraculis, II. Xxx. And Marangoni, Istoria dell’ Oratorio di Sancta Sanctorum, p. 127).
So not only is this a very ancient feast in the life of the Church, but it has always been held in great importance. Staying awake all night in prayer and holy festivity, souls being released from Purgatory, torches bringing all night long with the fuel undiminished, and other various observances throughout the world and throughout history, in honor of this unique feast day, all point to this importance. And that importance is relevant just as much today, if not, perhaps more so, than ever because we live in a society today that seems to fall into one of two extremes.
On one hand treats the body as little more than a toy to eventually be thrown out. Whether it be endlessly seeking after pleasure in luxorious vacations, adventures, alcohol, drugs, or sex; engaging in gratuitous violence either directly or as entertainment; or the neglect or very destruction of life of those who are most vulnerable or looked down upon, especially innocent life in the womb.
Or on the other hand, the opposite end of the spectrum, making the body an idol which must be kept in scrupulously perfect health, with exaggeratedly rigorous diets or exercise routines; or training the body for sporting activities to the detriment of other duties; or preserved at all costs from any sort of ill health; or going into a kind of despair at losing one’s health or mobility.
Today, it is so easy to care all too much or all too little for one’s body, even to the point of little regard for proper funeral and burial rites when one’s life has finally passed.
The feast of the Blessed Mother’s Assumption into heaven presents an urgent reminder that our body is, indeed, a gift from God, part of the whole human person that includes the soul. And not only is it a gift from God, He has even made it His very dwelling place. For us Christians, He has washed it clean in Baptism by the very Blood he shed on the Cross. He consecrates it by the Holy Spirit in the Sacrament of Confirmation. And He nourishes and dwells in it by means of His very Body and Blood in His Most Blessed Sacrament.
The Blessed Mother was Assumed into heaven today because “she could not be held by the bonds of death, who of her own flesh brought forth our Lord … incarnate” (Ancient Roman Prayer, quoted in Gueranger, The Liturgical Year, Volume 13, 370). This feast honors the logical conclusion of the reality that the Blessed Virgin Mary was the very tabernacle of the Most High. And while she enjoyed this privilege in a way that no one else ever will, we must acknowledge the reality that being washed, and consecrated, and especially fed by the Lord through His Sacraments means that we share in that privilege and dignity in a remarkably important way in our own right.
All the more care should we pay to this reality because this is the title that our church home bears. This is the place where so many of us have received the sacraments over the decades and day in and day out, the place from which our loved ones have begun their Christian life and likewise from which they been buried. The fact that our Lady of the Assumption is our patroness should cause us to honor her holy body and soul, assumed into heaven, with even greater devotion and inspire us to live in such a way that we too will follow where she has been taken first.
So, my challenge to you today is to make one simple resolution about how you are going to live your life with a greater sense of holy balance. Ask yourself question like these: Do I need to reign in my seeking after pleasure? Am I scrupulous about my health? (In other words, am I constantly anxious about not getting sick). Is the orientation of my life such that coming to Mass, my prayer life, or support of my fellow Christians and parishioners in the pursuit of holiness is an afterthought?
These are broad questions, but I think if we are honest with ourselves before God we will be able to identify some concrete way – whether it be big or small – that we can grow in greater virtue and a healthier regard for the dignity of our bodies.
Let us ask the Blessed Mother – today and every day – that we may pursue true holiness to our last breath and join her in that heavenly reward, won for us by her Son’s Cross and Resurrection.
Eighteenth Sunday of Time throughout the Year & Tenth Sunday after Pentecost 1 August 2021
Last Sunday I asked you to consider how:
This Sunday I would like to ask you to consider the humility that we need in order to do this well. The crowd that the Lord is teaching in St. John’s Gospel, chapter 6, ask Him, “What can we do to accomplish the works of God?” which leads to Him assuring them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me will never hunger, and whoever believes in me will never thirst.”
Humility is required to approach the Lord. The Lord is leading this crowd to go further than filling their bellies, further than seeing the signs, but to truly believe in Him. Those in the crowd who truly responded to His call had to have the humility to acknowledge that they were hungry beyond mere bodily desire, that they were thirsty beyond what even water could quench. They had to have the humility to acknowledge that God is not only in their midst, but that it is only He who is capable of fulling this deepest of desires.
Similar to that tendency we have as Americans, that I mentioned a couple of Sundays ago, that I think we have, to work too hard, we also tend to think or act like we have it all together. We very easily forget our dependence on God.
To make this more concrete, let’s look at the Pharisee and Publican whom the Lord tells us about in chapter 18 of St. Luke’s Gospel. They both go up to the temple to pray. In a certain sense, they each, in their own way, have it together. We learn from the Pharisee’s prayer that he is just and chaste; he doesn’t steel; he fasts twice a week and even tithes (gives a full tenth) of everything he owns. The Publican, we can surmise because he is a tax collector, is a very wealthy individual, extorting extra money from the people from whom he collects taxes. We might even say he has climbed the ladder of success to some degree. In a worldly way, he seems to have it together. But notice that the Lord observes a very important difference between the two. Whereas the Publican stands far off, casts his eyes downward, and beats his breast, the Pharisee stands upright, comes close, yet he prays not to God but to himself.
The Lord makes it clear that the humble posture and prayer of the Publican is the prayer that is acceptable to God. Despite staying far off, or rather because of it, he truly approaches the Lord. On the other hand, the Fathers of the Church point out that one of the Pharisee’s biggest faults is that he compares himself to others. He makes his so-called prayer at the expense of others, even the man who is praying just a short distance away from him.
One of the greatest pitfalls that we can experience in the way we approach the Lord in our prayer, at Mass, and especially in Holy Communion, is if we should compare ourselves to others. There are two extremes here. The more obvious trap is to think that we are better than others. Perhaps this is because we think there’s nothing wrong with us, or maybe it’s that we don’t need God and that we have accomplished all of our good on our own. Or perhaps we realize that these gifts come from God but think that we have earned them. Or maybe we think that no one is so deserving as we are (cf. St. Gregory the Great, Catena Aurea: St. Luke).
Moreover, a genuine prayer of thanksgiving can fall apart into a litany of reproach, like the Publican’s, listing all the ways that we are not so bad or so much better than everyone else. St. John Chrysostom explains that this is bad enough if we speak quietly, in our hearts, but should it turn into a conversation with others, it becomes that much worse. This is because it can lead sinners to rejoice that there is another as bad as them
or the righteous to think more highly of themselves. Instead of truly glorifying the name of God, it rather becomes an occasion for His name to be blasphemed and the reputation of Christians as a whole to be tarnished (cf. St. John Chrysostom, Catena Aurea: St. Luke).
Now the Publican could have taken this occasion of public derision (the Fathers seem to be indicating that the Pharisee was speaking aloud) as opportunity to get angry or harden his heart in his sins. But Chrysostom explains how the Publican used this derision to his own good. It helped him examine himself and turn to God in repentance. In fact, the Publican gives all of us sinners a great encouragement, because he reminds us that we should never make excuses like, “I don’t deserve forgiveness,” “my sins are too bad to be forgiven,” or “I am ashamed.” Chrysostom says that, “The devils have that kind of fear,” and by stirring it up in us, they try to get us to close the door to ourselves on God’s mercy and even blame God at the same time. This is the other extreme.
In other words, the humility that the Publican demonstrates to us when contrasted with the Pharisee is simply that we must not compare ourselves to others, neither for the purpose of saying, look, I’m so much better and neither to say look, I’m so much worse.
We will only have the humility that is necessary to approach the Lord here in Mass and to receive Him worthily when we acknowledge that we are but sinners, yet that God still loves and gave himself up on the Cross for our sake. St. Augustine’s observes, “The Publican stood afar off, yet drew near to God. … Conscience weighed him down, hope raised him up, he smote his own breast, he exacted judgment upon himself. Therefore did the Lord spare the penitent” (cf. St. Augustine, Catena Aurea: St. Luke).
If we are going to receive fruitfully the grace that Christ bestows upon us in the Sacrament of His Body and Blood, if we are going to receive life from the Bread of Life, we must approach humbly, mindful of our sinfulness, - not comparing ourselves to others - yet full of hope that God lifts up the lowly to even greater heights than they can raise themselves.
Father Cibelli’s Homily for the Closing of the Rosary Congress/Twenty-eighth Sunday of Time Throughout the Year 11 October 2020
Click here for related reading, including links to some of the sources cited.
I mentioned last week how much I like the movie Master and Commander, but I guess I enjoy a lot of historical fiction movies and books. Movies like Gettysburg and Gods and Generals got me interested in the books behind them, along with similar books for many of the major military conflicts the United States has seen. On one hand I feel like I’m doing something not just recreational but educational, on the other hand, reading about the bravery and courageous leadership of the characters inspires me.
But inevitably, the more I look at some of these historic figures, I can rarely walk away thinking that they are perfect models to follow. Inevitably, the bigger the personality, the more likely we are to find some fault that makes them less-than-worthy of total admiration. We might say that they haven’t changed into their wedding garment, that is, they haven’t fully responded to the Lord’s invitation.
Or more to the point, they are not saints. And it’s only the canonized saints that we should look to with such unreserved admiration. That’s not to say we can’t admire many aspects of their lives. The people I am thinking of have made really important contributions to our nation. But in a world that is so confused about what is right and wrong, we need examples of virtue that will help us avoid the pitfalls of less-than-perfect ways of thinking and acting. It’s the same sort of thing I talked about last week with the old sailor in the movie: “hold fast” is a helpful motto but only if it’s a spiritual motto, a principled motto.
Elections present us with the same sort of problem. We want to be able to vote for candidates that we thoroughly admire, who are just and principled both in public and in private. We want to be able to choose between candidates like St. Louis, King of France, St. Stephen, King of Hungary, St. Wenceslaus, Duke of Poland, The Holy Roman Emperor St. Henry and his wife, St. Cunegunda, St Edward, King of England, St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland, St. Elizabeth of Hungary, St. Gertrude of Poland, St. Bridget of Sweden.
However, I don’t think anyone would disagree that we haven’t had candidates like that in quite a while. Sadly, we need to consider the dictum articulated by St. John Eudes, and echoed by the US Bishops a few years ago, that “we get the leaders we deserve” (Cf. Ripperger, Magisterial Authority, 57; NCCB, Living the Gospel of Life: A Challenge to American Catholics, 34). That means that if we’re not really satisfied with our options it says something about society as a whole. So, if we’re frustrated by the choices we have before us, some self-reflection is warranted, not as if I am individually to blame, but I should consider the urgency of praying and doing penance for our political leaders and not merely complain about their short comings (Cf. Ripperger, Magisterial Authority, 56).
Yet that doesn’t change the immediate dilemma at hand. What do I do on election day? To cast our vote, or even to not cast our vote, in particular political contests is a moral choice. In other words, it’s either good or evil, and it’s sinful to make evil choices. Moreover, the duty to vote is a grave one when we are confronted with choices to uphold the common good and protect it from further erosion. In other words, the more serious the issues we are dealing with on the ballot, the more we are dealing with the risk of mortal sin. So, we can’t just ignore this dilemma. We can’t hide in our rooms and wait until it’s all over.
Then what criteria do we use? There’s obviously no Catholic party that aligns perfectly with the teachings of Christ and His Church. Therefore, candidates for every election have to be weighed not just on what they say or how they say it but by their promises, their past actions, and what they are likely to do in office. What is this particular candidate going to do to advance the common good? (Cf. Donovan, “Guide to Moral Duties Concerning Voting”, 3) What does the evidence indicate about their position on the most important aspects of the common good?
That leads to the question, what is the common good? It’s not the same thing as popular opinion. The Catechism of the Catholic Church defines the “common good” as this: (1906) “‘the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily.’ The common good concerns the life of all. It calls for prudence from each, and even more from those who exercise the office of authority. It consists of three essential elements: … respect for the person…(1907) … the social well-being and development of the group itself… (1908) [and] peace, that is, the stability and security of a just order… (1909).
Still, that might sound a little abstract. Pope Benedict XVI, in addressing European parliamentarians in 2006 elaborates on this point:
As far as the Catholic Church is concerned, the principal focus of her interventions in the public arena is the protection and promotion of the dignity of the person, and she is thereby consciously drawing particular attention to principles which are not negotiable. Among these the following emerge clearly today:
The short of it is: our decision in each contest on the ballot needs to be informed by these “non-negotiables.”
Now for as many important issues that this covers, the most fundamental one is abortion, because not only is abortion the taking of an innocent human life, it is the taking of the most defenseless innocent human life. In fact, the bishops of the United States have called it the “pre-eminent” issue of our time (USCCB, Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship, 22, quoting Living the Gospel of Life, no. 5).
In saying this, we are not condemning the women who find themselves faced with a crisis pregnancy or who have made the tragic decision for abortion. We’re not saying that there are no other important issues at stake. We’re simply saying that it is the most fundamental issue because it is the one right that make all other rights possible.
Further, the laws of a given nation teach the citizens of that nation something about the value of life. Mother Theresa has famously said: “if we accept that the mother can kill her own child, how can we tell other people not to kill one another” and “Any country that accepts abortion, is not teaching its people to love, but to use any violence to get what it wants” (Address at National Prayer Breakfast, February 3, 1994).
Neither we can’t wait to fix the problems that lead to the temptation to commit abortion. How many years have passed since abortion was legalized in our great country? How many children have died in that time? More than 60 million by means of surgical or medical abortions. The number is shockingly higher – ten times – if abortifacient contraceptives are factored in (Cf. https://www.all.org/learn/abortion/abortion-statistics/).
In fact, it’s safe to say that outlawing abortion again will dramatically reduce the number of abortions that take place, because our laws teach something, and people follow suit. More people are smoking marijuana in states where it is legal to do so. That doesn’t make it right. If stealing where all of a sudden legalized, it wouldn’t make it right, but you can be sure that more people would steal.
These are some of the most important reasons why the issue of abortion must be the “pre-eminent” criteria with which we evaluate which candidate to vote for. And that’s why it’s such a grave (dealing with mortal sin) responsibility to vote in such a way as to advance its abolition.
Perhaps it seems extreme to base one’s vote primarily on one issue, but who of us would say that it was extreme to base his vote in the mid-1800s only to advance the abolition of slavery? Indeed, we hold in high regard those who worked so singularly to abolish slavery. Some issues are so fundamental that we have to address them before we can reasonably address other important issues.
I’m not suggesting that the way we cast our votes will fix this problem (or other problems) either entirely or immediately or that it endorses every aspect of that candidate. To be good citizens, we must not only vote but also invest ourselves in the fabric of our society to advance those reforms that need to happen regardless of who is in fact elected. Committing ourselves to letter writing campaigns and protests that are in harmony with Church teaching, as well as concrete charitable actions that benefit mothers struggling to provide for their children (like the Baby Bottle Campaign) or others who are have concrete needs. These are some of the many simple things we can and must do to be faithful citizens.
Neither am I suggesting that this is easy, so I will close by appealing to what I said last week: “Prayer, especially the Rosary [and I’ll include fasting], has the power to change hearts and, therefore, the outcome of apparently hopeless situations.” Praying the Rosary will help raise up the saints that we need so desperately in these desperate times. Maybe one of these saints will run for public office.
So, hold fast to the Faith, hold fast to the Rosary, and the Blessed Mother will guide not only our vote but all of our actions to make our nation a more just society.
Father Cibelli’s Homily for the Opening of the 2020 Rosary Congress
Our Lady of the Rosary (External Solemnity), 4 October 2020
One of my favorite movies is Master and Commander, the 2003 film based on Patrick O’Brian’s series of historical fiction novels about life in the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic wars. To give you an idea of just how much I like it, when my mother was sick with cancer, I was able to spend a lot of time with her (so it was a rather unique circumstance), and we wound up watching in this move two days in a row! It captured my attention when it first came out – I was just finishing college – for the heroism and fraternity and friendship that it portrays among the officers and the seamen. Since then, I’ve had a chance to read the novels and realize how faithful it is of the books, but also that it leaves out the less-than-admirable-side of life at sea!
More to the point, one of my favorite images from the movie is this old, crusty sailor who has the words “HOLD FAST” tattooed in between his knuckles, easily legible when his fists were clenched. You heard this expression yelled out in the midst of a violent storm when everyone had to “hold fast” to whatever they could, just not to be washed overboard. There were moments in the movie when it looked like the ship would be lost or at least how easily it would have been for someone to be swept away. All you really could do was “hold fast” to some sturdy piece of the ship’s rigging and hope that the captain would know all the right decisions to make to weather the storm.
In the storm caused by the coronavirus these past six months, this phrase has come to find often. For me, not so much a fear of being swept overboard by the virus, but the great commotion and confusion that would ensure with each new development of restrictions is what caused me to think of this phrase. I think it’s safe to say that each of us felt our lives battered by this storm for one reason or another, not the least of which was being shut out of church early on. Add to that, as time went on, the civil unrest that many parts of our nation have experienced on account of racial tensions. And now, there’s certainly a lot of commotion, to say the least, as we get closer to Election day.
The image of this old sailor’s clenched fists and the words “HOLD FAST” keep coming to my mind. But, while that advice is very practical in the midst of an actual tempest at sea, it has to mean something more in the storm that we’re experiencing. In other words, worldly inspiration isn’t enough. We can’t just hide in our rooms and wait things out.
What I find encouraging is that this phrase actually occurs in all sorts of places in the English (RSV) translation of the Bible. St. Paul, in particular, uses it a lot
The Rosary Congress also makes me think of it. Last year, as we began the Rosary Congress, Father Antoninus shared with us his own story of life at sea, returning from a mission trip, when it looked like the boat they were sailing in would sink. What did Father Antoninus have the wisdom to do? He pulled out his Rosary and began to pray. Sure enough, the boat made it to port safely.
Of course, Father Antoninus told his own story much better than I just did, but it seems to me that he did the spiritual equivalent of what that crusty old sailor recommended. He turned to our Blessed Mother, the Star of the Sea, and “held fast” to her. Physically, he held the Rosary in his hand. Spiritually, he put all his hope in God and the Blessed mother’s intercession. He put his hope in God, who gave Mary the grace she needed to do His will from the Annunciation all the way to the Cross, from the Resurrection to her Assumption and Crowning in heaven. God did not let down the Blessed Mother, He didn’t let down Father Antoninus, He hasn’t let down countless generations of His faithful who have turned to the Rosary. And He won’t let you or me down.
So this week I want to encourage you to do the same. Whatever storm you’re experiencing in life: maybe it’s the virus, maybe it’s the hierarchy’s response to the virus, maybe it’s the election, or maybe it’s something particular to your own situation. Maybe it’s in-your-face or maybe you’re trying to ignore it. Whatever it is, use this week to learn to “hold fast” a little bit tighter to the Blessed Mother who will see you safely through the storm.
Make a special effort to come to church from 3:00 pm to 8:00 pm. The Blessed Sacrament will be exposed on the altar in the monstrance surrounded by flickering candles. We’ll recite the Rosary at the top of every hour. For those who still don’t feel safe leaving the house, you can still pray the Rosary there. Maybe do so at the same time we’re praying it here in church. I’d also like to ask you that in addition to whatever personal intention you have, to pray for our Nation in a special way as we prepare for Election day.
Don’t forget the power of intercessory prayer that Father Langan highlighted a few weeks ago when we heard in Matthew’s Gospel: “if two of you agree on earth about anything for which they are to pray, it shall be granted to them by my heavenly Father” (Matt. 18:19). Prayer, especially the Rosary, has the power to change hearts and, therefore, the outcome of apparently hopeless situations.
At the very least, whether you come to church or not, I want to challenge each of you – old and young alike – to pray the Rosary each day this week, or at the very least pray a few decades throughout each day.
If you are looking for peace in the chaotic storms of this life, “hold fast” to Mary’s hand, pray the Rosary, and she will lead you safely to port, to our heavenly homeland.
Father Langan's Homily for the Twenty-second Sunday of Time Throughout the Year 30 August 2020
We have all experienced, directly or indirectly, the damage that can be caused by a lie. Lies - the deliberate communicating of a falsehood with the intention to deceive - cause ruptures in trust, and the bigger the lie, the greater the damage done to the relationship. Lies are, unfortunately, extremely common. Truth is sometimes inconvenient because it often challenges and convicts, correcting a viewpoint that gives a sense of comfort or control to the one telling the lie. Even in the case of small lies - which are still venial sins - there is some comfort or ease that the lie brings to one’s reality. But, when lies are large in that they treat very serious aspects of reality regarding our own health, physical or spiritual, they can do tremendous harm.
St. Paul gives us an indirect kind of a warning about lies in the spiritual life. “Do not be conformed to this age,” the Apostle writes to the Romans, “but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that you may discern what is good and pleasing and perfect.” St. Paul’s exhortation reveals that there is an ever present danger to our souls in the lies that we tell ourselves, or are told to us by the World and especially the Devil, that ever active Lord of this world and this present darkness. These lies in which this enemy trades, and we so often believe, are lies that convince us of many untrue things about ourselves, about the world, about happiness, and above all, about God. They lead us, by degrees, to lose sight of our eternal destiny, dulling our minds and our senses through repeated reinforcement of the distorted sense of reality they give. We give in to those lies by sinning, and so we ingrain the patterns of behavior that, in their turn, further reinforce them. And so they lead to habitual sin or compromises to worldly ways of thinking, such as materialism, individualism, or even relativism. Obscuring the true nature of our reality, they keep us from not only enjoying the freedom that God wishes us to experience, but, possibly, even from attaining the everlasting life of heaven. Their danger is also in that they are subtle and difficult to spot, masquerading as they do not as lies but as obvious truths. Therefore, they can be very difficult to uproot.
What things can these lies tell us? This list is not exhaustive, but they tell us things like, after falling once, there is not point in resisting again; that God can’t or won’t save me, my sins are too great; or, that the Catholic faith is too hard, too demanding; or even that sainthood isn’t for me, it is enough for me to do the bare minimums - recite my prayers, go to Sunday Mass, and confession every Lent, and that I will surely be saved. They tell us that we are too old, too young, or too busy to embark on the road of discipleship and real spiritual progress. They tell us that holiness is a matter of certain devotions and thinking the right things, not of being transformed in Charity. They tell us that God is a cruel and unyielding judge; or, they tell us there will always be time to repent - what could it cost to hold on to this sin a little while longer?
We witness St. Peter fall pray to a lie in the Gospel, and we see in the surprisingly stern rebuke from our Blessed Lord just how dangerous they are. Peter falls prey to a common lie that expects the Messiah to offer a worldly, political salvation, a worldly Kingdom. But, Christ is revealing that He must obey His Father and bear the curse of Sin in His own blood in order to deliver us from the slavery to the Kingdom of the Father of Lies and to the life and freedom of the Children of God. Jesus tells St. Peter this, and urges him - and us - to take captive the human thoughts that war within him, and create obstacles to his discipleship and sanctification. The thoughts that the disciple must have are the thoughts of God, thoughts that lead him not to fear the loss of this life, but to store up the heavenly treasure that lasts forever and that truly fulfills his every longing.
But, of course, our greatest obstacle to building up this treasure is precisely those lies that we have come to believe, and that create for us the single greatest obstacle to conversion and advancement in the spiritual life. What can we do to identify them and uproot them? There are many remedies at our disposal: monthly confession, daily meditation/mental prayer, weekly study of the faith, with particular focus on the spiritual life and the virtues. All of these things must be habits in the life of a serious Christian who is making real progress toward his heavenly homeland. But a most necessary tool that isn’t mentioned enough is that of the daily Examen. I do not mean the examination of conscience, such as one utilizes when going to confession. What I mean is the daily consciousness examen popularized by St. Ignatius of Loyola, in which the Christian, for about 10 minutes at least once daily in the afternoon and/or evening, reviews his or her day with the Lord, exploring not simply the areas where he/she sinned, but also the times and situations where they detected God’s grace and power encouraging them, moving them, inspiring them, warning them, challenging them. This broader way of examining one’s conscience and the state of one’s soul helps the Christian to identify not simply the facts of his successes and failures, but the lies about the world, himself and God that have not only led him to sin, but keep him repeating the same patterns. With practice, this prayer can not only help you identify the pattern of lies, but can even help you notice them in the midst of temptation or desolation, or even before. It gives you the space and opportunity to stop in the moment and bring these falsehoods that bind you into the light of the Holy Spirit where, slowly but surely, they will begin to lose their hold over you, and you begin to enter into greater freedom and progress in the Spiritual life.
If you want to read more about how to do this, sources are abundant online, but a great book has been written on the subject by Fr. Timothy Gallagher called the Examen Prayer. I urge you to look at this or other resources you can find and really learn this method of prayer, because the Father of Lies has holds on us that we may not even be aware of. So let us resolve to truly open our hearts and our minds and shine the Light of the Holy Spirit in the deep corners of our soul, that we may come to know the freedom of minds transformed and renewed in Christ’s Truth and Love.
Father Cibelli's Homily for the Twenty-second Sunday of Time Throughout the Year 30 August 2020
The Lord commands us to take up our cross and follow Him if we wish to be His disciple. But even Peter had a hard time accepting this – not just for himself, but for the Lord! Peter’s reluctance, of course, is not surprising. Who of us has any natural inclination to suffering? But add to that the image of the cross. We take it for granted today. In many ways it has become a quaint expression. But for those who lived in the Roman Empire, they all knew it was a horrendous death. So brutal, that Cicero says it was not acceptable to speak of it in public (Cf. Mitch and Sri, The Gospel of Matthew, 212).
So if we are going to follow the Lord in this challenging way, if we are going to embrace our crosses, if we are going to be saints, there are three fundamental things we need: faith, hope, and charity.
“Charity is the virtue by which we love God above all things for His own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God” (Revised Baltimore Catechism, n. 124). To overcome our natural aversion to suffering, we certainly need the virtue of charity. There are all sorts of difficult things that we will do for our family and friends – that we wouldn’t even consider doing for a stranger – because of the love we have for them. So, if we’re going to actually accept the call to pick up our crosses, it has to be done out of charity. This gets more and more challenging the more difficult or painful the cross is.
Now, it’s one thing to get over our initial aversion to doing something difficult or painful for God Himself or a loved one. But when we consider that loving our neighbors also includes our enemies, or those we just don’t like, our eagerness to suffer is probably going to be greatly diminished.
The virtue of hope comes into play here. “Hope is the virtue by which we firmly trust that God, who is all-powerful and faithful to His promises, will in His mercy give us eternal happiness and the means to obtain it.” We might think of it in St. Paul’s words to the Corinthians, “No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your strength, but with the temptation will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it” (1 Cor. 10:13).
In other words, God will not ask us to do something that he does not also give us the strength to accomplish. In telling us that we must take up our cross, no matter how difficult, to follow Him, He will also provide the grace we need to do so.
Still, we are talking about suffering here. Nobody has a natural attraction to suffering. We don’t want to suffer and we don’t want our loved ones to suffer. Peter didn’t want the Lord to suffer. But the Lord tells us to pick up our cross daily, an instrument of torture and death, and follow him. The pursuit of holiness doesn’t stop with merely avoiding sin, it “aspires to nothing less than the willingness to suffer out of live for Christ” (Hardon, The Catholic Catechism, 430). “The essence of this ideal of sanctity consists in preferring what is difficult. This is done simply out of love for Christ,
in order to be more like him in poverty, humiliation, and the cross” (Hardon, The Catholic Catechism, 430-431). But it is not easy to see why this is reasonable. It only makes sense in the light of the virtue of faith (cf. Hardon, The Catholic Catechism, 431).
“Faith is the virtue by which we firmly believe all the truths God has revealed, on the word of God revealing them, who can neither deceive nor be deceived” (Revised Baltimore Catechism, n. 122). We take the word of human beings all the time, like when we get our car repaired or have electrical work done or when the doctor tells us what our sickness is. When we consider that God will not deceive us because He is Love Itself, we should not find it difficult to believe Him.
So, on one hand, the virtue of faith helps us to take God’s word that suffering is the path to holiness because God will not lie to us. On the other hand, this is not easy for our minds to grasp and so the virtues of hope and charity are needed all at the same time.
“If I am looking for a reason so prefer poverty to riches and contempt to honor, I have it my love for Christ… [love] desires to be like the one loved. … [Further] it was the will of the heavenly Father that the world should be redeemed not only by the Incarnation but in the … atmosphere of suffering and pain. In obedience to the Father, Christ chose to save the human race by enduring poverty, rejection, opposition, and finally the disgrace of crucifixion” even though technically He could have done it without pain (Hardon, The Catholic Catechism, 431).
This shows us just how much Christ loves us and how much we mean to Him. And it invites us to do the same for Him (cf. Hardon, The Catholic Catechism, 431). It also helps us to “complete what is lacking in Christ’s afflictions for the sake of his body, that is, the church” (Col. 1:24). We can offer up our sufferings for the healing of our Church, our Nation, and of course our families.
It is an understatement to say that the call to take up our cross and follow the Lord is not easy. It’s easy for me to say all of these things, but I need to hear them and act on them just as much as any of you! Yet cultivating the virtues of faith, hope, and charity – poured into us in baptism – will help us make bold strides on this sure path to true holiness and our heavenly homeland.
Father Cibelli's Homily for the Twenty-first Sunday of Time Throughout the Year 23 August 2020
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Scriptural Quotes from Matthew 16:13-20, unless otherwise noted.
While the city of Caesarea Philippi lies in ruins today, one thing is still unmistakable: it was a city built upon rock. No matter where you turn, the ground offered it a solid rock foundation. Should we wonder, then, that the Lord chose this city to pose this strange question to His Apostles?
The Lord certainly was not having an identity crisis when He asked, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” Rather He was providing an opportunity for contrast. By asking this question, the Lord allowed the Apostles to share with us the various opinions, the human opinions, of who He is. This sets us up to fully appreciate Peter’s answer, for the Lord quickly adds to Peter’s response, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father.” That is to say, when Peter confesses, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God,” he is not sharing another human opinion, but something communicated to Him by God Himself.
It is a mater of Divine Revelation that Jesus is the Son of the living God, and Peter is shown to play a special role in making known God’s revelation. So, the Lord goes on: “And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it.”
We call Peter “Prince of the Apostles” because he was given this office of binding and loosing and entrusted with the keys of the kingdom in the presence of the other Apostles.
While Peter is given special responsibility in exercising the Lord’s authority, all the Apostles are entrusted with it, for after His resurrection He says to all of them, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I send you. …Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained” (John 20:23).
Still, we might ask, wasn’t this authority given only to St. Peter and the Apostles? If it were given only to them, it would not make sense for the Lord to say, “the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it”?
“Christ founded the Church to last until the end of time. The apostles lived for a short time only. Christ must, then, have intended that the apostles provide duly authorized successors to carry on the work of teaching, sanctifying, and ruling” (Baltimore Catechism No. 3, question 146, a).
Nor did He “intend that the special power of chief teacher and ruler of the entire Church should be exercised by St. Peter alone, but intended that this power should be passed down to his successor, the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, who is the Vicar of Christ on earth and the visible head of the Church” (Baltimore Catechism No. 3, question 148).
So, the Pope is the bishop who is the successor specifically to the Apostle Peter,
and the bishops in general are successors to the rest of the Apostles as a whole. Furthermore, the bishops associate with themselves priests, sharing with them this authority in order to reach all the souls under their care.
This is how we have the assurance of being presented with the Faith as revealed by Christ even to this day. This is how “the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against [the Church].”
Unfortunately, we are too often disappointed by bishops and priests. These disappointments can range from individual instances of being rude, giving bad advice, or making mistakes all the way to downright scandalous behavior or teachings that stain the entire priesthood. In the face of these failures on the part of bishops and priests, we must remember two important points.
First, Christ has entrusted His power to the Church in such a way that we are able to receive the sacraments despite the sinfulness of their ministers and we are even able to discern His teaching amidst erroneous propositions.
With regard to His teaching, we have the deposit of faith, or the constant teaching of the Church, easily found in various faithful Catechisms, like the Baltimore Catechism of the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
And with regard to the sacraments, we have the assurance that the sacraments work ex opere operato: when the right words, right material, and right intention are carried out by the right minister, the sacrament is there despite other short comings.
Plus, God is always able to pull good out of evil, so often enough (at least in the less extreme cases), priests are better able to understand our short comings because of their own.
The second thing we should remember in the face of the sinful failures of bishops and priests is to show them charity because they are still instruments of Christ. Just as we owe our parents respect despite their short comings, the same is true for our priests and bishops. But this certainly doesn’t mean we should turn a blind eye to bad behavior. If it is serious enough, it must be reported to the proper authorities. In other cases, it would be appropriate to speak with the bishop or priest directly. But at the very least, prayer and penance for them is essential, such as offering up the Rosary and fasting.
In fact, this charity is a duty before God. “Charity is the virtue by which we love God and our neighbor for the sake of God. If we love God then we will want his Church to be healthy and we will pray and do penance for it. If we love our neighbor for the sake of God, then we will want him to overcome his error….” (Ripperger, Magisterial Authority, 56). Depending on the offense, we may even need to remember that the Lord also commands us to love our enemies.
The city of Caesarea Philippi, although built upon rock, does lie in ruins today. But here, as a contrast to that which is earthly, Christ shows us that this fate will never befall His Church. The promise He made to St. Peter endures.
Let us ask the Lord today to strengthen and preserve His Church: To send those laborers into His vineyard that will speak His words of life to us. To make steadfast those who already serve that they will be faithful in the mission with which they have been entrusted. Let us ask Him that we will always hold fast to the rock of His Church because in doing so, we will be found ready to enter His heavenly kingdom when we are called from this life to the next.
Father Langan's Homily for the Feast of St. Mark the Evangelist, 2020
Deliver Us, O Lord, By Your Truth
“The heavens shall confess they wonders, O Lord, and Thy truth in the assembly of the saints.” These words from Psalm 89, from the Mass for today’s Feast of St. Mark the Evangelist, give us an important theme for our celebration of this Sacred Writer. The Church celebrates the feasts of the Evangelists and the Apostles with such great joy and fervor, because had the Lord not sent them to be witnesses to the fact of His resurrection, we ourselves would know nothing of the forgiveness of our sins, and we would not have received His saving grace in the Sacraments. They went out and gave voice to the wonders of the Truth confessed by all the Heavens, that God is our first beginning and last end, and that He has saved us from certain and eternal death by His dying and rising. Though St. Mark himself did not see the risen Lord, his words transcribed for us in his Gospel are those of the preaching of the Apostle Peter, who asked his disciple St. Mark to write down his memories of the Savior and the message he gave to preach to all the world. Indeed, our joy is full today because God our Father gave us witnesses such as St. Mark to confirm our faith in Him.
But, this date does not simply mark the Feast of a great Evangelist, who witnessed to Christ to the point of death; it is also the occasion of one of the Rogation Days. The Rogations Days are penitential occasions dating back from the ancient Church. They take place on April 25, as well as on the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday immediately preceding Ascension Thursday. The observance of these Rogations Days has traditionally consisted of a solemn procession, often around some part of the geographic boundaries of the local parish, during which the Litany the Saints is chanted at least twice through. Thus, another name given for these days are the Greater, or Major, Litanies (plural) for April 25, and the Lesser, or Minor, Litanies for the days preceding Ascension. At the end of the procession, which ends in the Church from which it began, a special “Rogation Mass” is celebrated. As this is considered penitential Mass, the priest wears violet.
What are the significance of these days? Why such a penitential celebration, in the midst of our Easter joy? The word “rogation” comes from the Latin word “rogare,” which means “to ask.” The Litany of Saints and the procession, as well as the Rogation Day Mass, was offered up to ask for God’s blessings upon His people, that He would help us in all our spiritual and temporal needs. One such need, for example, was for the blessings of a good harvest, as these days take place during planting season. In fact, the procession would often go by the local farms, and the priest would stop and bless the fields. But they were also offered up to ask the Lord for protection, or even deliverance, from harms both natural and supernatural. This might be why, in some cases, the path of the procession went along some portion of the physical boundaries of the parish, so that God’s blessing might strengthen those boundaries and keep safe His people who were within them. Indeed, the oration from the Rogation Day Mass expresses this very intention: “Grant, we beseech Thee,...that we, who in our affliction put our trust in Thy mercy, may ever be defended by Thy protection...” Prayers of this kind were considered to be penitential in nature, because the dangers that we face in this life - war, famine, death, and sickness - were understood in the light of revelation to be a consequence of our fallen nature, and so served as a kind of chastisement for our sins, at least generally speaking.
Now, what is the point of such a lesson on Rogation Days? What have they to do with the feast of such a great Evangelist. Before I get to that answer, let me tell you a bit of a story that has some relevance to our circumstances today: In the year 590, the city of Rome was wracked with a deadly plague. Many perished; even Pope Pelagius perished in February of that year. His predecessor, Pope St. Gregory the Great, some months before he was eventually elected at the end of that year, assembled the clergy and faithful of Rome, and held a great procession through the Eternal City. Chanting the Litany of the Saints, they pleaded God for an end to the horrible plague that beset them. Finally, as they processed along the Tiber where it bent past the great mausoleum of Emperor Hadrian, Pope Gregory beheld a vision atop the mausoleum: St. Michael the Archangel descending from heaven, passing above the procession, and our Blessed Mother looking down from her throne in heaven! All the angels of heaven were singing a hymn of praise to Our Lady, and as this hymn ceased, St. Michael, who was standing atop the mausoleum, sheathed his sword, and at that moment, the plague ceased. The date that all this took place, as you might have guessed, was April 25th.
This date, then, not only marks the feast of the Gospel writer St. Mark, but also the anniversary of Rome’s deliverance from a deadly plague. Pope Gregory eventually commanded that this procession be annually commemorated on this date - with St. Mark’s Feast Day not being assigned on this date until much later. This date is also significant because, as Pope St. Gregory would have well known, it has longed been accepted as being the very date on which St. Peter first set foot in the city of Rome to preach the Gospel.
What do all these mysterious and Providential convergences mean for us in our present situation? As we begin to hear of talk of reopening from the lockdowns brought on by a pandemic of our own, all sorts of questions are swirling: what will “normal” look like now? Can we simply go back to our old ways, unquestioningly? The wisdom of our forefathers shown in the practice of these Rogation Days is that, even in the best of times, sickness, death, and sin lurk ever at our door. We often do not see them, and therefore live our lives with sufficient care to avoiding them, or preparing to bear the crosses they bring to us. For the greatest contagion and pestilence we face, is not one of those of nature, but rather of super-nature, i.e., the contagion of sin. Physical evils and the calamities of natural disasters God allows to befall us so that we might be awakened to the fact that at any moment, God could require our lives of us, and if we are not found to be in his friendship at that moment, a greater suffering - the suffering which Christ came to deliver us from - will then befall us! Isn’t it interesting that God chose to send St. Michael, who we often think of today as a valiant helper in our battle against temptation, who himself was sent by God to put down the rebellion of Lucifer and his fallen angels, to deliver Rome from that awful plague? Indeed, the Lord did come, and He suffered, and died, and rose from the dead, and He sent out St. Peter and St. Mark and all His Apostles and Evangelists to preach the very good news that would give us the weapons we needed to overcome sin. He commanded them to baptize the whole world, so that we might be reborn by His grace to a new and eternal life in Him. We are blessed to have this Good News preached to us, and to have the grace of His friendship in this hour of need.
During this lockdown, I am sure many of us are being reminded about the nature of the spiritual warfare around us. Being separated from the sacraments certainly has the character of an evil about, even as it a thing that must be accepted for the greater good. The enemy is taking advantage of our vulnerability. We can truly see how important it is for us to have this the truth which has been given to us in Christ, which was handed down through the preaching of the Apostles and their successors. We know how important it is for it to be known and lived. When this lockdown lifts, many question whether we should even consider “going back to normal.” In light of the temptations and crosses that we have faced, and reminded as we are of the far more pressing dangers that the contagion of sin poses for us, we might benefit from making a spiritual plan for ourselves, asking what old habits and ways of seeing things should be left behind for a new sight and new lifestyles more deeply grounded in the Truth of our Catholic faith. One question we might ask ourselves, on this feast of one of our great Evangelists, is whether we have spent enough time and effort in our lives sharing the truth with those around us. As urgently as we feel the need now for the helps of grace that God has given us, we who know and understand the Truth that has been given us, how much more pitiable must the state be of those still in ignorance of their need!
Our world will reopen soon, and this pestilence will pass. Will we let it change us? Will we let it correct our view, and remind us of what truly matters, spurring us to engage the spiritual battles we daily face against sin and temptation with ever greater fervor, faithfulness, and fortitude? Even as we call out today to God and all the saints to be protected from the virus that afflicts us, let us call out to the Lord through the intercession of St. Mark for the grace to never again be touched by the affliction of our sins - for there is no greater danger to our souls than to lose the light of the Truth and Love that has been preached to us.
Father Cibelli’s Homily for Palm Sunday 2020
This is the moment for which the Lord came into the world. This is the moment for which He took on human flesh and was born of the Virgin Mary.
The Lord Jesus came into this world to die. The innocent author of life chose to subject Himself to the punishment we deserve for our guilt.
“He emptied himself, taking the form of a slave, coming in human likeness; and found human in appearance, he humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, even death on a cross” (Phil 2:7).
Jesus deserved none of the cruel treatment that we commemorate this week. He did not deserve to be mocked or scourged or beaten or crucified.
But He chose to do so, so that we would not be destined to suffer with the miseries of this life without help, or suffer the fires of hell for all eternity. He chose to do so in order to shoulder our burdens. He chose to do so, so that we could experience His love even in the midst of our own afflictions, of our own humiliations, of our own follies.
“He emptied himself.”
And for that matter, the Lord, “though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God something to be grasped.” If God, Himself, is willing to accept the miseries of our human condition, does not that give us the courage to endure them ourselves.
Some of these miseries we bring upon ourselves: our sins, our rash behavior or foolish decisions. Sometimes we even make good intentioned mistakes that have a very adverse impact on ourselves or others. On the other hand, as we are experiencing now, some of these miseries are imposed upon us by nature – diseases and disasters – or even by other human beings, through no fault of our own. The miseries we experience can come from innumerable and even surprising or disappointing sources.
The Lord, however, accepted all of the miseries of His Passion – none of which He deserved, but each of which He endured lovingly and patiently.
He did not take these miseries upon Himself for misery’s own sake. He took our sinfulness and our follies upon Himself in order to bear them to the Cross. There He would conquer them and give us a new chance at life, divine life, when His Father raised Him from the dead three days later.
Today, we commemorate the Lord’s Passion not because we are sadistic or can’t forgive ourselves. We commemorate His Passion because of the great hope that it offers us. Without the Passion, there can be no Resurrection. Had the Lord not died on Good Friday, He would not have risen on Easter Sunday.
The Lord’s Passion offers us the Hope of the Resurrection with Him on the Third Day. Moreover, it offers us the Hope even of daily resurrections, of daily opportunities for new life, of daily opportunities for God to bring good out of evil.
Today, although we are separated physically, let us allow the Lord to unite us in prayer and help us to lay down our miseries, afflictions, and sins at His Altar. Today, let us begin the solemn observance of Holy Week from our homes. Let us comfort the Lord in His Passion from there, and allow the Him, in turn, to bear not just our sufferings, but also, our shortcomings and faults to the Cross. That there, they may be conquered, and us raised to new life with Him on the day of His Resurrection.
Over the past few months several parishioners have donated their time and talent to the beautification of our campus and our church.
I am cautious about identifying these individuals because they prefer not to have attention drawn to themselves, and I’m also concerned that I will accidently leave someone off a list that should be on there. With that in mind, however, I would like to try to highlight some of these contributions.
Just in terms of people who have directly used their talents to beautify our campus in the past few months:
If we went back even farther, the list would be much longer!
And we now have another parishioner stepping forward to offer her talents to beautify our church.
Saskia Smith has offered to donate much of her time and talent to clean and paint the statues of Mary and Joseph in the niches above their altars. Saskia has worked with me to select colors that will complement the beauty of our church. She has provided a color board and samples of other similar projects for you to see in the back of the church.
Saskia writes: “I want you to know that throughout the cleaning process and in every brush stroke, I will spiritually brush in your intentions and needs, first onto our Lady of Lourdes, then eventually St. Joseph. So PLEASE pray for me too that I may serve you well. Let’s do this project together in the Spirit! So that together, when completed, we may experience answered prayers and behold a glimpse of the beautiful majesty & creative renewing power of God!”
For several weeks, Saskia will put all her other projects and work on hold to do this; therefore, I ask that we take up a collection when each statue is finished to thank her for the sacrifice she has made.
Finally, please note that this work can’t be done where the statues are now, so we will have to take them down. If we have a smaller statue of the Blessed Mother and St. Joseph that we can put in their place temporarily, we will do so. Saskia will also provide pictures to be posted on our Facebook feed.
We all have a role to play here, many of them behind the scenes. Thank you to everyone for your contribution. If there’s a contribution you think you can make, please let me know. Please take a moment to say a prayer of thanksgiving for Saskia and everyone who contributes to the beatification of our church and campus, seen and unseen.
May God bless you and keep you in His care, and may the
Blessed Mother intercede for you,
Father Cibelli’s Homily for the Fourth Sunday of Advent 2019
Have you noticed how even though Christmas is always on December 25, and there are always four Sundays of Advent that sometimes Advent can be basically three weeks or a full four weeks or anything in between? This is determined by which day of the week December 25 falls on.
But, because we need to have a more deliberate, intense period of preparation for Christmas, no matter what, on December 17th, the Liturgy begins to focus in a particular way on the upcoming feast of the Nativity. You might liken this period of Advent to Holy Week in Lent.
While this might not be obvious just from Mass on the Fourth Sunday, it is very prominent when looking at these days as a whole. The Liturgy, in daily Mass and the Divine Office, concentrates more resolutely than during the preceding days of Advent on the coming feast of the Lord’s birth.
It happens in a very notable way at the Divine Office where we find these things called “O Antiphons.”
An Antiphon is a short text that is sometimes entirely scripture or simply based on scripture or the particular feast day. It is a musical composition, even though sometimes it is recited without its music.
The Entrance and Communion Antiphons that you find in the Pew Missal (and that we heard last Sunday) are examples.
These “O” Antiphons, proper to this time of Advent, are used in the Divine Office before and after singing the Canticle of the Blessed Mother, commonly called the Magnificat from the its first word in Latin.
They are called “O” Antiphons for a very profound reason – they all begin with the invocation “O”! They go on to invoke a different title of Christ, usually taken from the Old Testament, and followed by the petition that he come to us (veni) and act on our behalf:
They have been used for centuries in this way, each being sung according to the same melody,but each meditating upon that title of Christ, helping us to understand better the Person for whom we are waiting.
From December 17 onward, these titles are:
December 17: O Sapientia (O Wisdom)
December 18: O Adonai (O Lord)
December 19: O Radix Iesse (O Root of Jesse)
December 20: O Clavis David (O Key of David)
December 21: O Oriens (O Daystar)
December 22: O Rex Gentium (O King of the Nations)
December 23: O Emmanuel (O God-with-Us)
Perhaps you recognize these titles from the song “O Come, O Come Emmanuel." Well, this is where that song originates.
Consider for a moment today’s antiphon: O King of the Gentiles (or nations) and the Desired of all, You are the cornerstone that binds two into one. Come, and save the poor man whom You fashioned out of clay. It acknowledges that Christ has come to unite the Jews and Gentiles in common Adoration of the One True God who created their common parents: Adam and Eve.
It is well worth reflecting on these brief passages, posted below, for this purpose along with where you can find the chant to listen to, which is especially beautiful.
But there’s another interesting level to these antiphons. When taken together from the last title to the first, the first letters of each title form a profound Latin acrostic:
Emmanuel Rex Oriens
Clavis Radix Adonai Sapientia
They form the Lord’s response to the Church’s ardent petition that He come (veni):
Ero cras (I will be there tomorrow)!
I have mentioned last year and, in the bulletin, last week that we have good reason to believe that December 25 is in fact the day of the Lord’s birth. That He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit on the same date that would later be Good Friday, March 25. Moreover, before the civil calendar was corrected with four missing days along with the leap year system (to avoid that problem in the future), December 25 fell on the shortest day of the year. The day after which the days get long and the night shorter. Additionally, John the Baptist was born on the day before the days get shorter. (He must increase, I must decrease).
All of which I point out in the light of this extra message from the O Antiphons “I will be there tomorrow,” to say that there are no coincidences with God. While He certainly respects our freedom and allows us to make mistakes, even sinful mistakes, that do real damage, He does indeed, in His Wisdom, order all things mightily and sweetly. There are no details beyond His providence.
And if that goes for how carefully He ordered the Advent of His Son in the world, He orders all things well for the sake of your lives, too.
If you are feeling overwhelmed, discouraged, or crushed. If you feel like there is too much to do and too little time in which to do it. Even if you feel like the odds are all against you. Consider the mighty providence with which God sent His Son to save us, to save you.
If He orders these details so carefully, will He not also do the same for you? You whom He looks upon with the same delight as He does His Son Jesus.
These last few days before Christmas, take a few moments each day to reflect on God’s providence in your life. Ask Him to reveal to you His love for you. And allow yourself to trust that He will indeed order all things mightily for your good.
It may not be the good you had imagined for yourself. But it is certainly the good that will one day lead you to salvation, to home with Him in heaven… if only you will make His will your own.
For more information, please see: http://www.catholiceducation.org/ Search for “Great Antiphons” and see the articles by Fathers Saunders and Landry (Landry’s article includes recordings of each).
December 17: O Wisdom, You came forth from the mouth of the Most High, and reaching from beginning to end, You ordered all things mightily and sweetly. Come, and teach us the way of prudence!
December 18: O Adonai and Ruler of the house of Israel, You appeared to Moses in the fire of the burning bush, and on Mount Sinai gave him Your Law. Come, and with an outstretched arm redeem us!
December 19: O Root of Jesse, You stand for an ensign of mankind: before You kings shall keep silence, and to You all nations shall have recourse. Come, save us, and do not delay.
December 20: O Key of David and Scepter of the house of Israel: You open and no man closes: You close and no man opens. Come, and deliver him from the chains of prison who sits in darkness and in the shadow of death.
December 21: O Rising Dawn, Radiance of the Light eternal and Sun of Justice: come, and enlighten those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death.
December 22: O King of the Gentiles and the Desired of all, You are the cornerstone that binds two into one. Come, and save the poor man whom You fashioned out of clay.
December 23: O Emmanuel, our King and Lawgiver, the Expected of nations and their Savior: Come and save us, O Lord our God!
Father Cibelli’s Homily for Christmas Day 2018
I think we take the manager for granted. I mean, we probably understand what it is, but do we really appreciate just what it means?
Now first, let’s make sure we’re all thinking of the same thing. When I say manger, what’s the first thig that comes to mind? I don’t mean the entire nativity scene or even the stable as a whole. I make that point because when I was growing up, I think I used the words “nativity” and “manger” somewhat interchangeably. In fact, sometimes I still do!
What I mean by the manger is our Lord’s crib, His first bed.
Now I should have known better: growing up I remember little blankets or pieces of straw that were given to help the baby Jesus keep warm, as a child’s devotion. But I don’t think I ever realized how significant that was. I think I took the straw for granted.
We depict the Lord’s first crib as made with wood and with straw in it, not because that’s just what they had for bedding back then, but because straw is what belongs in mangers. Mangers are troughs, the place where animals come to feed in a stable. If you’ve ever heard an Italian say “mangia” at the dinner table, the two words are related.
So I think we take the manger for granted because we don’t realize just how much God was telling us by being laid in a manger when He was born on December 25 roughly 2018 years ago. In fact, He told us a lot about Himself and what He would do for us just by the way He was born.
Bethlehem, swaddling clothes, the shepherds, the magi and their gifts: All of these say something about who the Lord is and what He came to do.
Just the manger itself makes two powerful statements by what it is and what it is made of. As a trough for animals, God is telling us, already in His birth, that He has come to give Himself to us as food. He has come to be Living Bread for the life of the world (cf. John 6:51). He has sent his Son to feed and fill our deepest longings.
When we consider that the manger is made out of wood, we come to understand how He would accomplish this. The Lord gives Himself to us as food by being offered up on the wood of the Cross. We might not think of the Cross immediately when we think of Christmas and the Lord’s birthday – but He does!
Already in His birth, our Lord tells us about why He has come into the world: To suffer and die for us and to feed us with His very Body and Blood.
This year, as we gaze on the nativity scene, both today and throughout the Christmas season, whether we are here in church, at home, or anywhere we see it, my challenge to you is to see more than just a cute baby. See more, of course, than an excuse to exchange gifts.
I challenge you to see even more than God’s humility, the way He accepted our human condition even as a helpless child for as important as this is. See the depths of the reason why we call Him God-with-us, Emmanuel.
When you look at the nativity, let your attention be drawn to the manger that the Lord called His first bed, and consider that the Lord loves us so much that even as a little child He was preparing us for what He would do, what He would be for us.
Whatever your burdens, trials, or disappointments are, whatever your deepest longings and hopes might be: Lay them in the manger with the Infant and let Him carry them to the Cross for you and feed you with His Body and Blood offered up thereon.
Let the manger speak to you about God’s love for you, the sacrifice He made for you, and the Food He gives you, so that one day you will be with Him in heaven.
Father Cibelli’s Homily for Christ the King and the First Sunday of Advent (aka Four Words for Advent)
When Pope Pius XI established the feast of Christ the King during the Jubilee Year of 1925, he reflected on three ways that Christ is said to rule: In humanity’s minds, in their wills, in their hearts. In doing so, he demonstrated great foresight.
Christ rules in humanity’s minds both on account of His power of mind and fulness of knowledge, but also because if humanity is to know the Truth, we must receive it from Christ Himself.
Christ rules in humanity’s wills first because His human will corresponds perfectly to the holiness of His divine will, but also because “He subjects our free will to His grace and inspiration so that we may be fired with desire for nobler things.
And Christ is “’King of men’s hearts’ because of His ‘love which surpasses knowledge,’ His mercy and kindness which draw our souls to Him; For there has never been or will be anyone who is loved or will be loved by men of all nations as Jesus Christ is loved.”
We may listen to these reflections of Pope Pius XI and think, that is all very well and good, but how many today have rejected the truth and have pursued their own will?
How many do not even know who Christ is? But this is why Pope Pius XI displayed such foresight in establishing this feast, because in doing so he puts in front of us not just the opportunity to acknowledge and honor Christ as King but even to pray that His rule may prevail first in our own lives and then be advanced throughout the world.
This feast presents us with the contrast that Christ is indeed King, but that in the world He is not just overlooked, He is in too many ways ignored, or even worse, pushed out.
On one hand, we have honored Christ as out King and are preparing to welcome Him as the new-born King on Christmas. On the other hand, how many people have not even thought about Christ today? For how many people is the coming season about nothing more than gift-gettingand winter treats that ends on December 26?
If the world does not recognize Christ, much less as our King, how are we ever going to advance His Kingdom? By human standards, this is certainly a daunting task, and for that matter, Christ’s Kingdom is not of this world, so success is not measured simply by how many people call themselves Christian. There are plenty of those. If Christ’s kingdom is to be advanced, where we must start is by submitting our own minds, wills, and hearts to His rule.
We submit our minds faithfully – not blindly – to His voice by learning the Truth. Of course, not just that Truth which is contained in the Bible but that which has been constantly taught by His bride the Church.
Having learned this Truth, we submit our will to it. We do this by choosing to act in accord with that truth. In other words, our actions must correspond to our words, we must dowhat we saywe believe.
In turn, we cannot help but to give Him our heart, for knowing the Truth and saying yes to it brings us into intimate relationship with our Lord and King. It’s no problem to give our heart to someone once we’ve fallen in love.
To make this a little more practical, there are four things we can and should do on a regular basis to allow Christ to reign in our own lives, to welcome Him when He comes.
Prayfor our own conversion: Let’s identify one particular sin in our lives, and ask God’s help each day, to overcome it; or maybe there’s a particular virtue which we need to grow, let’s ask God for that strength.
Learn: Identify one particular teaching that we struggle to embrace or need to understand better. Then take the time to read and listen to reliable sources such as the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the Baltimore Catechism, or trusted media such as EWTN or Ascension Presents. In fact, we have a special new resource at our disposal called FORMED.org. Access engaging video, audio, and e-books at no charge. Click here sign up!
Fast: make a simple act of self-denial each day – such as putting down our phones for a few minutes, turning off the music, or taking a smaller portion for dinner. These are simple but important ways of submitting our wills to God’s.
Act: perform some act of kindness without being asked, to someone who can’t repay you – or at least, without expecting repayment. It need not be profound or take a lot of time, but acts like this begin to share the love with which God has loved us first.
Pray, learn, fast, act.
These efforts only need a few minutes each day and are very simple, but they do require constant effort. Sometimes they will come easily, sometimes we will have to push ourselves. But living by these four words will help Christ’s reign to come about in our own hearts. They will help us to be ready for Christ’s coming at Christmas and at the end of time.
And frankly, the more that happens, the more others will notice something attractive about our lives and desire it for themselves.
In other words, Christ will come to reign in others’ hearts when they see how He is reigning in yours.
Statement of Archbishop Lori on the recent meeting of the USCCB (United States Confrerence of Catholic BIhsops).
Like many of my brother bishops, I have spent much of these past weeks and months listening to the laity, clergy and religious of my diocese. They face a crisis of identity and question the fundamentals on which they have based their faith. They are hurting and angry and they want change. And they rightly demand it yesterday. They want greater transparency, greater lay involvement—especially of women, and they want bishops to be held accountable the same way we hold others in ministry accountable. They are sick of hearing “child sexual abuse” and the name of their Church uttered in the same breath and they can’t fathom how and why we are still struggling to rid the Church of the crime and sin of abuse that we have now been confronting conspicuously for some two decades.
In 2002, some of the faithful left, while others gave us the opportunity to create a robust and transparent approach to eradicating sexual abuse from the life of the Church. Most of us thought that what we put in place at that time was appropriate and sufficient. Then came the summer of 2018, the events of which have caused many to understandably ask if the Church is systemically flawed, if it’s irreparably damaged and if it’s even possible to save. They question if it’s possible that we still do not “get it.”
Believing in the inherent goodness of Christ’s Church, we came together this week to try and fix what’s broken and to humbly place ourselves in the center of necessary reform. Representing the Church in Baltimore and with the pain and suffering of abuse survivors ever present on my mind and in my heart, I affirm the measures on which we were prepared to vote and strongly advocate for a strict code of conduct to which we bishops must be held, and I further advocate for an independent body to which allegations against bishops can be reported. I wish this for the Church in the United States and for the Church in Baltimore and I pray these measures will give our people greater confidence that their Church is being led toward goodness and holiness by individuals who are, in fact, good and holy. This is an essential step to reminding our people that the Church is not any one priest and it’s not any one bishop. The Church is Jesus, the Body of Christ. The Church is the One whose love and grace flows forth through those who believe in Him to bring light to the world. In this period of true crisis, may we have the courage to let His light pierce the prevailing darkness and shine through.
Father Cibelli's Homily for the Announcement of the Build our House, Guard Our City Campaign Thirty-first Sunday of Time Throughout the Year, Fourth Resumed Sunday after Epiphany, 4 November 2018
For 260 years, St. Mary’s has been forming Christian disciples. From our beginnings as a mission under the care of the Jesuit Fathers from Conewago, to the construction of our beautiful church in 1826, to the establishment of our school in 1874, to years of great expansion in the 1940s and 1950s and again in the 2000s, each generation has made a mark on this community by means of spiritual, financial, material and physical sacrifices.
For 260 years, St. Mary’s Church and School has been a center for people of all ages and backgrounds to come to know and love our Lord Jesus Christ, and we have a special duty towards our children in this regard. Whether we are their parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles, teachers, friends, or priests, we are blessed to have so many children who call St. Mary’s their home in one way or another. Striving to form them as Christ’s disciples is our chief duty.
On Pentecost, when I shared with you the plans to renovate the Msgr. Passarelli Room, Pangborn Hall, the kitchen, and replace the chain link fence with a beautiful brick wall, I asked you to look at these projects as far more than cosmetic. I invited you to consider them not just an opportunity to leave our mark on this sacred ground, not just an opportunity to give our children a safe and attractive place to grow in who God made them to be, but an opportunity for the physical renewal of our campus to help inspire a deeper and more important renewal, the renewal of our hearts by the Holy Spirit.
We’ve had the opportunity to speak of renewal these past few months, but for an unexpected, sad, and deeply troubling reason. Not for the reason I had intended. We have been confronted by horrible failings on the part of bishops and priests throughout the Church. While much has been accomplished since the first wave of this scandal in 2002, we must keep before us and insist upon reform on every level where it has not yet taken place.
My encouragement to you has been to hold fast to your own pursuit of holiness, for just as the suffering of some of the members of the church cause all the members to suffer, so, too, does the pursuit of holiness by some – God willing, many – members of the Church help to increase the overall holiness of the Church (Cf. 1Cor. 12:26). Our prayers and sacrifices are needed especially now to bring the gospel and the light of Christ to those areas where we can. You are the face of the Church, you are the ones who give her witness credibility these days.
Indeed, the Lord tells us today that the first commandment is that we must love God with all our heart, all our soul, all our mind and all our strength and that the second commandment is to love our neighbor as our selves. If we are truly to love God and our neighbor in this way, if we are going to pursue true holiness, if we are going to be instruments of renewal, it’s not enough just to say this.
For such a renewal to succeed, it must be God who does the work through us. In Psalm 127 we read, “Unless the Lord build the house, they labor in vain who build. Unless the Lord guard the city, in vain does the guard keep watch.” That means striving to bring together all our daily actions and efforts into the perspective of love of God and neighbor.
Today I wish not only to repeat this message in an effort to keep it ever before our hearts, I would also like to ask your help in a very practical and important way. It is certainly notthe mostimportant way. In fact, it’s the aspect I enjoy talking about the least. But that is why it is so important to me that I remind myself (and you) of the proper perspective to maintain when discussing the financial side of our spiritual endeavors. The Lord addresses this kind of topic when He talks about the laborer deserving his wage (Cf. Luke 10:7). Saint Paul does similarly when he gives instructions to the Corinthians about taking up collections (Cf. 1 Cor. 16).
The particular case I would like to present to you is that of the present and near future needs our parish and school community. Thanks to the foresight and generosity of our predecessors,
pastors and parishioners alike, St. Mary’s has a firm financial foundation to stand on (reviled only by the firm spiritual foundation they built). This firm financial foundation allowed us to carry out these construction projects when the time was right this summer.
But to preserve that firm financial foundation, we have to replenish the investments we used to make this happen. The gym, dining hall, and kitchen project cost about $950,000. The wall cost about $450,000. We also had to consider what projects would need attention in the near future. The AC system here in church is nearing the end of its useful life. The rectory kitchen and foundation walls need attention. The rooves on the church, school, and rectory will soon need to be replaced. We have estimated these costs at about $375,000. For a total of $1.75 million.
Fortunately we are off to a great start:
The Knott Foundation has made a grant of $100,000 towards the new gym. The Archdiocese’s Embracing our Mission campaign has sent us a check for $100,000 towards the gym, dining hall, and kitchen. And a generous but anonymous benefactor has given us $125,000 towards the construction of our beautiful wall. Moreover, several of our fellow parishioners have already made generous pledges. These contributions and sacrificial gifts have already brought us to more than $600,000 towards these projects.
Today, I respectfully ask you to consider what contribution you can make to this work. You’ll be receiving a packet in the mail this week with details on this endeavor along with a suggested donation based on your past generosity for your prayerful consideration. I have no way of knowing what your current situation is. Your first duty is always to your family. I also ask that you try to leave your regular offertory contribution as is because we depend on this to pay our employees’ salaries, fund our programs, and take care of day-to-day operations.
This week, I simply ask that you prayerfully consider joining me in supporting these exciting and important projects as a way of expressing your gratitude to God and helping to advance His kingdom here in Hagerstown. Please use the prayer we have designated for the campaign, which you will receive as you leave church. It’s mostly two traditional prayers, but I think it’s important to use a prayer that keeps the focus on what is truly important, not just the campaign itself. The campaign is at the service of the bigger picture: Christ’s Gospel. So this prayer is an appropriate prayer for all of our endeavors.
Next week, I invite you to join us for coffee and donuts or cookies in the newly renovated spaces and make your commitment to this campaign. All of your support benefits St. Mary’s and only St. Mary’s.
Whatever gift you can offer to this campaign, financial, spiritual, something else or both, I ask that you allow the Lord to be the one who guides your efforts. Please pray that He always Build our House and Guard our City, that we may serve Him will our whole heart, soul, mind and strength and love our neighbor as ourselves.
Father Cibelli's Homily for Twenty-ninth Sunday of Time Throughout the Year, Twenty-second Sunday after Pentecost, 21 October 2018
This homily was largely inspired by Fr. Mike Schmitz presentation: “We are not cosmic accidents” (https://youtu.be/MoYMEju41Sw, accessed, 20 October 2018).
We certainly could not endure it if the Lord were to count all of our iniquities (cf. Ps. 129:3). In contrast, we hear St. Paul say that “I am confident of this, that the one who began a good work in you will continue to complete it until the day of Christ Jesus” (Phil 1:6). Moreover, Jesus tells His disciples that to be great they must become servants, even slaves of all (cf. Mark 10:35-45). To live in the reality of these profound statements requires, at base, the virtue of humility. But once we start thinking about that virtue, we need to make sure we have the right understanding of it.
Too often we confuse “humility” with self-contempt or letting people walk all over us.
And sure enough, no one is going to find this attractive. No one would want to pursue humility if that is what it is. In fact, despising our self or thinking less of our self than we actually are is not only incorrect, it can even be sinful.
When we hear the Lord tell His disciples that to be great they must be servants even slaves of all, yet Jesus is certainly not promoting self-contempt. He’s not saying we should let people walk all over us. We can probably even think of folks that are in harmful relationships because they let the other person take advantage of them under the guise of humility or service.
So, what does true humility look like?
One priest puts it very simply: “humility is the willingness to acknowledge, tell, and live the truth of you … I acknowledge my weaknesses, I acknowledge my strengths, I acknowledge my failures, I acknowledge my successes.” Humility is an “accurate assessment of my gifts and strengths, my weaknesses and wounds” (Fr. Mike Schmitz, “We are not cosmic accidents,” accessed 20 October 2018).
Even still, this is challenging because we can be disappointed if we start acknowledging our strengths and weaknesses and feel like our list of weaknesses is longer than the strengths.
Or maybe we have a really great long list of strengths and successes – but then we make a mistake. We trip and fall, we lose or fail. If I put all my self confidence in that long list of successes, all of a sudden, with one slip, it’s wiped away, and we are disappointed, even down right depressed.
In another kind of extreme, some folks might even define themselves by their wounds or weaknesses and thrive off of the sympathy they receive. Offense can be taken if this expected sympathy isn’t offered.
Therefore, this still isn’t the right – or complete – standard of humility, because we might be truthful about what our strengths and weaknesses are, but we’re relying on them for the source of our goodness and dignity. If we lose one of our strengths or even weaknesses, we feel like we have lost our goodness and dignity.
So, another key to living a truly humble life, a life of true service, is acknowledging what or who reallymakes us good, what reallygives us dignity. The answer lies in what Jesus replies to the Pharisees tempting Him regarding the tribute Caesar. If the tribute to Caesar is to be paid with what has Caesar’s image on it, the answer to what makes us truly good, what give us dignity, is whose image is imprinted on us (cf. Matt. 22:15-21).
The source of our goodness and dignity is nothing other than God. It is God in whose image and likeness we are made. It is God who redeemed us by becoming one of us and suffering, dying, and rising. It is God who has sent His Holy Spirit into our hearts to make us His dwelling place.
And no one can take that away.
We might shut the door on Him, but He will never take that away, nor can anyone else.
Consequently, a complete understanding of humility is notjustacknowledging our true strengths and weaknesses, but acknowledging why we are good, why we have dignity.
If we are going to follow Christ’s call to greatness, if we are going drink the cup that He drinks, becoming the servant of all, the slave of all, if we are going to allow Christ to being the good work He has begun in us to completion, we must first acknowledge that our goodness and dignity comes from God, and that cannot be taken away.
We must acknowledge that Christ humbled himself not by denying who He is as God, but by choosing to accept our lowly human condition and all the sufferings that come with it.
Christ accepted those sufferings while still acknowledging His goodness. With His help, we can do the same.
Assisting the person in need, being generous with our time, bearing insults patiently, forgiving those who hurt us, praying for our enemies: all of this will be possible if we realize that we do not have to give up our dignity to do so. Indeed, we must not give it up, for Christ is the source of that dignity.
Father Cibelli's Homily for the Closing of the Rosary Congress.
Votive Mass of Our Lady/Twenty-Eighth Sunday in Time throughout the Year
14 October 2018
On October 13, 1917, the sun “danced” in the sky above Fatima, Portugal. Word had got around that something special would happen that day, so anticipation had been building.
There were roughly 70,000 people gathered. Some hoped to witness the event; others hoped to laugh mockingly when, supposedly, nothing happened. Indeed, it seemed that nothing was going to take place. It had been raining heavily that day: everyone was soaked, and the ground was muddy. Yet, despite the heavy rains, the sun not only showed itself but “danced,” turned colors, and even seemed to fall from the sky. When all returned to normal, both the ground and everyone’s rain-soaked clothes were dry. These facts were verified by believers and un-believers alike. It continues to be one of the most well attested miracles in history.
But to what end? Did God think we needed a little entertainment? And if it was just entertainment that was needed, why just in Fatima? Why then and not now?
The Blessed Mother had promised a miracle not to “wow” the people but as verification of the authenticity of the message she had been sharing in her appearances over the previous five months.
In fact, miracles are not an end in and of themselves. Jesus performed many miracles that are recorded in the Gospels, and frequently these are healings including three instances of raising the dead. He did not perform these miracles to impress His would-be followers. He offered them as proof of the authenticity of His message. More to the point, as our speaker on Monday night insightfully remarked, the miraculous healing of the body, even bringing it to life, was meant to show Jesus’ disciples that He was capable of a far greater healing, a far greater miracle: the forgiveness of sins (Dr. John Mark Miravalle, 8 October 2018, St. Mary’s, Hagerstown).
Similarly, the Blessed Mother’s message at Fatima is aimed not so much at intrigue or creating a closed inner circle of people in the know. The Blessed Mother’s message, and the miracle that confirmed it, was directed at inspiring holiness of life in those who would receive it.
For the past week, we have been engaged in a special time of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and frequent recitation of the Holy Rosary. This has been accompanied by special liturgical, musical, and intellectual events. The altar has been adorned with beautiful flowers and the Blessed Sacrament surrounded with many flickering candles. A lot of hard work has been put in, by many different people in many different ways to make all of this possible.
And we might ask, like the miracle of the sun, to what end? I can assure you that none of the organizers are suffering from boredom. We weren’t expecting all of Hagerstown to show up in Thursday’s down-pour – and certainly not all at one time!
On one hand, the Rosary Congress had no other aim than to honor our Lord and our Blessed Mother. If only this was accomplished and nothing else, it was well worth the effort. On the other hand, it was to provide an opportunity for a brief retreat from the hectic-ness of daily life for a special time of prayer, an opportunity for renewal and increase to our individual and collective pursuit of holiness. In this regard, even if only one person benefited from it, it was well worth the effort.
We offered it in a special way for the healing and sanctification of the Church, that she may be healed from the sins and crimes of too many bishops and priests, especially for healing of the direct victims of these grievous sins and crimes. In this regard, it was well worth the effort.
However, just like the Blessed Mother’s message at Fatima (confirmed by the dancing sun) was not intended to be relegated to the world of memories, neither is the Rosary Congress intended to be an event we forget about until it comes around again next year. Central to the Blessed Mother’s message at Fatima was the great value of praying the Rosary every day for peace in the world and the conversion of sinners. Similarly, what I would ask you to take away from the Rosary Congress is a renewed sense of the importance of the Rosary and Eucharistic Adoration in your lives.
The Eucharist and the Rosary are the chief weapons with which God has entrusted us for combating evil in our lives. Whether it’s the evil present in the Church and the world on account of abuse, abortion, drugs, terrorism, or all sorts of attacks against the family. Whether it’s the evil that seems to afflict a family member, a friend, a neighbor or the sins we struggle with personally, perhaps unbeknownst to anyone. The Eucharist and the Rosary are there for us to overcome these evils.
One half hour of prayer before the Blessed Sacrament once a weekand a decade of the Rosary once a dayis a great step to take whether it’s your first or next.In particular I encourage you to consider stopping in the Adoration Chapel at St. Maria Goretti High School (for a key card, contact Donna Louzon at 301-733-0410 x10 or email@example.com).
There may be some sacrificed in making such a commitment, and we may feel tempted to walk away sad, like the rich young man in this Sunday’s gospel passage (Mark 10:17-30). But whatever the sacrifice, please make prayer before the Blessed Sacrament and the Rosary a prominent part of your life each week. In light of eternity, it adds up to a few minutes of our time. Finally, it’s a surefire way to know you are doing something good for you, your neighbor, the Church, and society as a whole – all at the same time.
There are plenty of things in life that are truly optional, things that it doesn’t matter if we choose to do them or not: our hobbies or recreation, playing sports or an instrument. You can probably think of plenty examples on your own.
Yet there are certain things that are not optional – food, water, breathing, sleeping. We take these things for granted, but of course if we were to “choose” not to do one of these things, we wouldn’t last very long.
But how many of us would list prayer in the optional category? When we compare prayer to things like breathing, we probably think, “I can go a lot longer without praying than breathing or even eating.” With the non-optional things, the obvious ones at least, we realize it pretty quickly when we don’t have enough of whatever it is: food, water, air. But do we ever consider what happens when we don’t pray?
Of course, just the fact that we’re all here at Mass right now means that we pray at least sometimes. Still, just as folks who are malnourished can survive for some time without proper food or water, so too can we survive quite a while without the right amount of prayer for us individually. To mix analogies a little bit, we can a ride a bike or drive our cars with deflated tires. If that’s all we’ve ever known, we think everything is fine. (I speak from some personal experience!) But once we properly inflate them, how much faster do we go. The same can be said with our energy levels when we have the right amount of sleep and food.
I recently heard a priest talk about these things that are optional and not-optional (Fr. Mike Schmitz, The Battle of Prayer, accesed via https://youtu.be/DHDQ4Xowfa8). Without any hesitation he put prayer in the non-optional category. A lay woman who teaches in a seminary explained, “if we’re too busy to pray, we’re too busy” (Dr. Mary Healy, Symbolon, “The Journey of Faith,” Part 2, accessed via FORMED.org) About a century ago, a great spiritual author made an analogy between prayer and the body. Prayer is not like the arms or the legs. When they have been used too much, we must let them rest. Prayer is like the heart, we dare not say to the heart, you’ve been working hard, take the day off! (The Soul of the Apostolate, Part II, Section IV).
We seem especially susceptible in society today to get wrapped up in so many exciting, enjoyable, even important things. It can be very easy to get to the point where we feel like we don’t have any time to pray, or maybe we don’t even realize that we’re not praying. Our heart begins to beat dangerously slowly, and we might not realize it.
Now to be fair, the opposite extreme is possible, too, albeit less common. We may be so excited about and wrapped up in our Faith and the life of prayer that we don’t realize that our duties to our family are being neglected. We might say, in this case, our heart beats way too rapidly.
Yet a healthy balance is well within our reach. A healthy life of prayer is one that is appropriate to where each one of us is at the moment. It factors in our state in life – single, married, celibate, priest, religious. It factors in our profession – student, laborer, home-maker, or more of a desk job. It even factors in our personality. We know we can find a healthy balance to eating, drinking, and sleeping, and the same is true for prayer.
Where ever we are on this spectrum, we have a unique opportunity this coming week.
From this evening until next Saturday evening, the church will be unlocked 24/7 and the Rosary recited at the top of each hour. We’ll have special events in the evening, which you can find in the bulletin. No matter what time you find yourself free, no matter whether you need vocal or silent prayer, some music to lift your spirit or a talk to inspire your intellect, you will have a chance this week. Mass will be celebrated each evening at 6:30, and the rest of the time the Blessed Sacrament will be exposed on the altar, adorned with flickering candles to remind us that God is powerfully present among us.
In particular, please consider giving the Rosary new or renewed prominence in your life. Pius XII, Paul VI, and John Paul II have described it as a compendium of the Gospel (Rosarium Virginis Mariae, 1). In it we use the words of the gospel to meditate on the stories of the gospel, and our guide is the one human being who knows Jesus best, His Mother, Mary.
John Paul II quotes a spiritual writer who says, “Just as two friends, frequently in each other’s company, tend to develop similar habits, so too, by holding familiar [conversation] with Jesus and the Blessed Virgin, by meditating on the mysteries of the Rosary and by living the same life in Holy Communion, we can become, to the extent of our lowliness, similar to them and can learn from these supreme models a life of humility, poverty, hiddenness, patience and perfection” (quoting Blessed Bartolo Longo, Rosarium Virginis Mariae, 15).
The rosary can be prayed anywhere, at any time. We can say just a decade or two throughout the day, we can pray it in the car or on a run. We can pray it in church or at home. We can pray it with our family, our friends, or by ourselves.
It is a powerful antidote to all the evil in our world, especially that which has come to the surface in the Church in recent weeks.
When our diet or sleep or breathing is out of balance, a visit to the doctor can help us regain our equilibrium. Similarly, a special time of prayer, a retreat, can help get our spiritual lives in order. This week, let us take advantage of that very opportunity in the Presence of the Blessed Sacrament, with the guidance of our heavenly Mother. May the Rosary in particular be that baseline, that place we always turn to to keep focused and regain our balance. And not just this week, but always.
Fatehr Cibelli's Homily for the Twenty-first Sunday of Time Throughout the Year
26 August 2018
As Jesus finishes His teaching on the Eucharist, we see today that some of His disciples had a hard time accepting it. In other words, some of the men and women who had freely chosen to follow Jesus were having second thoughts. They had come to know and love Him to some degree, yet they could not accept what He had to say about His flesh being true food and His blood being true drink.
How Jesus handles this is frequently pointed out as evidence of the truth of His testimony on the Real Presence. When His disciples murmur about this teaching, notice that Jesus does not turn around and say, “Hey just kidding guys” or “You’re taking me too seriously.”
He lets them walk away.
In fact, “he knew from the beginning the ones who would not believe and the one who would betray him” (John 6:64).Jesus doesn’t change His teaching just to accommodate those who did not want to accept it. That is not to say, however, that He was happy that those disciples walked away. In fact, Jesus “wills everyone to be saved and to come to knowledge of the truth” (1 Tim 2:4), but He who is “the way and the truthand the life” will not compromise on the truth (Cf. John 14:6).
Yet, in addition to making it clear that Jesus meant every word of what He said about His flesh and blood and the Eucharist, this passage shows us that Jesus made decisions that he knew would disappoint His followers. My attention is drawn to this significance because I know that as your pastor I sometimes have to make decisions that may disappoint some or all of you. It’s easier to make these decisions when I know that I am doing so for the sake of one of the truths of the Faith, even though that can be very challenging too. However, there are also times that the decision is more on the prudential side, between options that are not right or wrong, but one may have certain benefits over another.
Any parent who has had to tell their children “No, you can’t have…” understands this dynamic. Parents try hard to make the decision that is best for their children, even though it might mean initial disappointment. Or maybe a given decision seems to benefit one child versus another.
So maybe you’re realizing where I’m going with this. Now that I’ve had a chance to hear from anyone who wanted to respond to the question of how to proceed with the Mass schedule, I have to make a decision.
But I need you to know not just the reasons in favor of one option or the other, I also need you to know that I don’t take this decision lightly, and I don’t wantto disappoint anyof you. Clearly this is not on the same level as Christ’s teaching on the Eucharist. Yet in as much as there are two options (and even possible variations on those options), I know I will be disappointing some of you whether I pick a or b.
I need you to know that I read through all of your responses and have taken them all seriously. There are even some ideas in there that I might not be able to address right now but could be helpful in the future.
My decision is not based on my own personal convenience nor even onlyon what the majority wanted. (Of approximately 145 respondents, there was a 60/40 split). Neither was this decision made any sooner than the last couple of days. I think you already know that I try to take a lot of time to make important decision with as much thought and prayer on the matter as possible. I certainly did the same for this.
I had to make my decision based on which schedule seems to provide for the needs of the greatest number of parishioners, especially factoring in the schedules that our neighboring parishes offer. While I don’t want to see any of you go anywhere else, there will always be times when another parish’s Mass schedule is more helpful.
I had to make my decision based on which schedule would help me and Father Larry best serve the needs of as many of you as possible.
Ultimately, my criteria had to be, how can we better grow as disciples of the Lord, by our devotion to Him in the Mass? Not that a schedule make or breaks discipleship, but does one of these two schedules facilitate that better than the other?
I have to admit that having more time in between Masses provides two very important opportunities: more time for prayer in church and more time for conversation with all of you on the way to your cars.
You hear me speak about prayer frequently, this is not by accident. It’s not that I am running out of things to say. It’s just that prayer is so important for our relationship with God, especially with how we participate in Mass. Having more time before and after Mass gives us greater options for developing this important aspect of the life of Faith.
I also realized two Sundays ago, when we first started talking about the awful scandal of clerical abuse that I had time to hear from people that I normally would not have. For some of you, a few extra minutes is enough to talk about whatever is on your mind. For others a few extra minutes allows us to begin a conversation that can conclude later.
Moreover, there is no virtue in being constantly in a rush or stressed. Sunday is not a day of rest for priests, but they do need to be able to set a good example for their parishioners, including what it means to pray and prepare for Mass and how to interact with others in a compassionate way. Sometimes that means slowing things down and taking a little more time.
There are other considerations that I could speak about, and I will do so eventually, but I also mean it when I say a reverent Mass can normally be celebrated in about an hour, and I certainly want to maintain that practice. (Of course the added solemnity of the 11:30 and on certain days the 5:00 pm Mass will mean that they normally will take a little more than an hour.)
So allow me to conclude by saying this. Thank you for taking the time to share your thoughts and concerns with me. For those of you who find it disappointing that we will keep the summer Mass schedule, I am truly sorry that this disappoints or inconveniences you. For those of you who are happy about it, I trust that you will at least be compassionate to those who are inconvenienced if not find a way to help.
I ask that you would consider allowing your fellow parishioners hear this decision form my mouth.
Whatever group you fall into, please know you are my family – you are the people I happily spend every Saturday and Sunday with – and that you are important to me. I do not want to disappoint any of you. What I do want to do, however, is whatever I can to help you grow in your relationship with Jesus Christ, especially by means of participation in the Mass where He feeds us with His very Body and Blood.